Exceptions for residents are a central requirement of the CIVD. In its decision of February 2018, the Federal Administrative Court stressed the principle of proportionality. Accordingly, exceptions must be provided in possible driving ban zones, e.g. for craftsmen, commuters, tourists or residents. In Stuttgart, for example, an exception concept is planned which also covers motor caravans used for holiday purposes. These pragmatic solutions are to be welcomed.
By the end of 2019, around 25% of all motor caravans should have Euro 6. Due to their long service life and robust commercial vehicle chassis, motor caravans are considerably longer in use than passenger cars, which also leads to a later Euro rating change of motor caravans. Because of the high proportion of diesel, which is currently still the only alternative for motor caravans, relatively many motor caravans are potentially affected by driving bans. According to a survey by the CIVD, only 5% of the total number of motor caravans are registered in established or imminent prohibition zones with poor Euro 5 and are therefore directly affected by driving bans. In addition, it should be borne in mind that almost all motor caravan owners do not visit city centres with prohibited zones on their holiday trips, as almost all motor caravan pitches are located outside these areas. Therefore, the euro classification is of little importance for most motor caravans. An exception are residents living in possible no-driving zones, for whom the CIVD requires an exceptional regulation.