Road Traffic Law
Depending on the total weight and tyre age, the speed limit for vehicle-caravan-combinations and motor caravans is defined – in the sense of road safety.
Speed limit 100 for combinations
On 22 October 2005, the 3rd Regulation amending the 9th Exemption Regulation to the Road Traffic Act (StVO) entered into force. With the increase of the mass factor from 0.8 to 1.0, the number of participants for the speed limit 100 regulation was increased from 20 to 80 percent of the vehicle-caravan combinations currently on the market. This regulation was initially limited until 31 December 2010 and has now been adopted permanently (for an unlimited period) as the 9th exemption regulation to the Road Traffic Act (StVO).
The responsibility as to whether the requirements of the 9th exemption regulation are met lies first with the caravan manufacturer for new vehicles and then with the vehicle driver, as the towing vehicle and trailer can be freely exchanged. The responsibility as to whether the combination meets the requirements lies with the vehicle driver.
Caravans that have already been registered can be retrofitted accordingly. In this case, however, fulfilment of the requirements must first be confirmed by an officially recognised expert.
Speed limit 100 for motor caravans from 3.5 to 7.5 t
Motor caravans up to a total mass of 3.5 t are not subject to a speed limit like passenger vehicles. However, in particular due to their use for leisure and holiday purposes, it can be assumed that motor caravans are moved at moderate speed. Since March 2005, motor caravans weighing between 3.5 and 7.5 tonnes have also been able to drive at 100 km/h. The speed of the vehicle is expected to be between 2.5 and 7.5 tonnes. As of 1 January 2010, the initially limited exemption regulation was permanently incorporated into the StVO due to the excellent road safety of motor caravans.
For motor caravans over 7.5 t a maximum speed of 80 km/h applies.