EU type approval

The approval of motor caravans and caravans is based on the Framework Directive 2007/46/EC for EU type approval. While the EU-wide uniform approval was applicable only to passenger vehicles at first, it could also be used for voluntary approvals of motor caravans pursuant to EU-wide regulations as early as the end of 1998. Motor caravans have had to be registered pursuant to the provisions of the EU type approval since Octo-ber 2012, and caravans since October 2014. Due to the popularity of their products abroad, German manufacturers have already been selling vehicles with EU type approval since 1999. Once caravans and motor caravans have received EU type approval, they can be registered anywhere else in the EU without further testing. In the year 2017, more than 40 per cent of the German motor caravan and caravan production was sold abroad. The jurisdiction and requirements for market monitoring were revised at the EU level at the beginning of 2016. The European Union undertook a comprehensive reform of the EU type approval system, which focused on the further European harmonisation of type testing and expanded market monitoring activities. The publication of the new framework regulation is planned for the year 2018; the new regulations are expected to come into force on 1 September 2020, and must still be specified in more detail with another 25 delegated legal acts. The intention is that new vehicle types as of 2022 must be approved in accordance with the new framework directive. In line with market monitoring activities, member states and the EU Commission are supposed to be able to carry out random inspections of the vehicles that are already available on the market. Moreover, the Commission has increased the regulatory oversight for the type approval processes, as it enables the Commission to introduce regular inspections and an information exchange in the future. Annex XI, which is important for motor caravans and caravans, will also be added to the new framework directive, but will appear in a different location, without changes made to the content. As socalled “special purpose vehicles”, motor caravans and caravans are partially exempt from individual regulations. In this vein, motor caravans are now also counted in the M1 category, as are passenger vehicles, but they are exempt from some provisions due to their specific purpose. In general, motor caravans are assembled on a truck util-ity vehicle chassis, and therefore cannot fully comply with the passenger vehicle M1 provisions, e.g. with regard to emissions. The CIVD will organise the established information events for its membe